skip to content
Expand ALL

If you cannot find an answer in the FAQ's, ask your question

  • What are the YOG?
    • The Youth Olympic Games are the ultimate multi-sports event for young athletes, but they are more than just competing and performing. They are about learning important skills, connecting to other cultures and celebrating the Olympic values of excellence, friendship and respect.

      The Youth Olympic Games are essentially about competing, learning and sharing. The mission of the YOG is to shape and influence the athletes and other young participants, to prepare them to become ambassadors of Olympism, of sport and of a healthy lifestyle so they can take on an active role in their community.

      Learn more:

      Rate this answer :


  • What is the origin of the Youth Olympic Games (YOG)?
    • The YOG were created at the initiative of the former President of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), Jacques Rogge. His idea was approved unanimously by the IOC members at their Session in July 2007 In Guatemala City. The 1st Summer YOG were held in Singapore, in August 2010. The 1st Winter YOG were held in Innsbruck, in January 2012.

      The objective of the YOG is to encourage young people around the world to practise sport; raise awareness of and encourage them to adopt the values of Olympism; and disseminate the message of the Olympic Movement around them.

      Learn more:

      Rate this answer :


  • What is the difference between the Olympic Games (OG) and the Youth Olympic Games (YOG)?
    • The YOG are for the world's young athletes aged from 15 to 18. Like the OG, they are held every four years, and are held in the same year as the OG with the Summer YOG taking place the same year as the Olympic Winter Games and vice-versa. Note that following the approval of Agenda 2020 by the IOC Session in December 2014, in the future the organisation of the YOG will move to an non-Olympic year, starting with the 4th Summer Youth Olympic Games, which will be postponed from 2022 to 2023.

      The Summer YOG Nanjing 2014 gathered almost 3,800 young athletes, whereas the OG London 2012 welcomed more than 10,500 athletes.

      The Summer and Winter YOG last 12 and 10 days respectively, while the OG may last up to 16 days.

      The sports programme is based on that of the Olympic Games, with 28 sports for the Summer YOG and seven for the Winter YOG. However, the events are different, adapting to the age range and interests of the younger athletes. The YOG also include Learn & Share activities (known previously as Culture and Education Programme (CEP)).

      Learn more:

      Rate this answer :


  • Where and when will the next Youth Olympic Games (YOG) take place?
    • The next Winter YOG will be held in Lausanne (Switzerland), from 10 to 19 January 2020. The next Summer YOG will be held in Dakar (Senegal) in 2022. 

      Learn more:

      Rate this answer :


  • What are the special features of the Youth Olympic Games (YOG)?
    • The YOG are characterised primarily by their “YOG DNA” label, which defines the spirit and identity of the YOG. It is also the official trademark of the YOG, through which they distinguish themselves from the Olympic Games, while keeping the symbol of the Olympic rings.

      From a sports point of view, the YOG are an “ideas laboratory” for the International Sports Federations (IFs).
      Through the YOG, the IFs can innovate in their sport by proposing new events (for example, mixed or international teams, or a competition linking BMX and mountain biking). Sports not on the programme also have the opportunity to be presented in the framework of the “Sports Lab” (for example, skateboarding in Nanjing). Click here to learn more on the sports programme.  

      The YOG also distinguish themselves through the activities of the Compete, Learn and Share” programme. All the YOG participants are offered events through interactive workshops and forums based on five themes: Olympism, Skills Development, the Benefits of Sport and Healthy Lifestyles, Social Responsibility and Expression.
      This programme is a source of inspiration for all the participants, and encourages young people in their role as ambassadors of sport and Olympism within their communities.

      Furthermore, one thing that makes the YOG stand out is its participants. As well as athletes, other figures are equally important. These are:

      • Young Ambassadors: They are aged between 18 and 28 and are chosen by their National Olympic Committee (NOC). Like the athletes and other participants, they take part in the “Learn and Share” programme activities. They must also promote these activities to the YOG participants, and their mission is to promote the YOG in their countries and on social media networks.
      • Athlete Role Models: They are chosen by their International Federation (IF). They come to the YOG to support the young participants, answer their questions, give them advice and share their experiences. They also take part in the “Learn and Share” activities.
      • Young Reporters: They are aged between 18 and 24 and have either started or just finished journalism studies. They are selected by their National Olympic Committee (NOC), then by the continental associations of NOCs. For them, the YOG provide a unique opportunity to receive theoretical and practical training with professionals in the areas of the written and photographic press, radio, television and new media.
      • Ambassadors: They are elite athletes. Their role is to promote the YOG throughout the world during the YOG preparation phase. They are also present during the Games. Click here to discover the names of the ambassadors of the previous editions of the YOG.

      Learn more:

      Rate this answer :


  • How are the Youth Olympic Games (YOG) financed?
    • The International Olympic Committee (IOC) contributes to the financing of the YOG. It covers the costs of transport and accommodation for the athletes and team officials in the Olympic Village as well as for representatives from the International Sports Federations (IFs) and IOC representatives in hotels. It also finances the TV production.

      The Youth Olympic Games Organising Committee (YOCOG) shall be responsible for the planning, organising and staging of the YOG.

      On the other hand, the host city is responsible for the improvements to be made to sports and non-sports facilities and venues, where applicable.

      Learn more:

      Rate this answer :


  • Does a city hosting the Youth Olympic Games (YOG) have to build new infrastructure?
    • No infrastructure has to be specially built to stage the YOG (apart from in exceptional cases). The facilities used must be in line with the sustainable development concept promoted by the Olympic Movement.

      The size and quality of this infrastructure must correspond to the objectives of the YOG and be suitable for young athletes. All the sports venues must be in the same city, and the use of multi-sports facilities is encouraged.

      Learn more:

      Rate this answer :


  • How were Lausanne and Dakar chosen to host the Winter Youth Olympic Games 2020 and the Summer Youth Olympic Games 2022?
  • Which sports are on the programme of the Youth Olympic Games (YOG)?
    • There were 32 sports on the programme of the Summer YOG in 2018, and there will be eight on the programme of the Winter YOG in 2020. The number and format of the events are specific to the YOG, to match the age groups and interests of the athletes.

      For Lausanne 2020, a new sport will be making its debut: ski mountaineering. It will join the seven other sports already on the programme of the previous YOG. There will be an individual event, a sprint and a relay. Villars-sur-Ollon will be hosting these competitions.

      Lean more :

      Rate this answer :


  • What age are the athletes competing in the Youth Olympic Games (YOG)?
    • The young athletes must be 15, 16, 17 or 18 years old on 31 December in the year of the Games. The age groups for the events in which they compete are defined in collaboration with the International Sports Federations (IFs) concerned.

      For the 2020 edition of the YOG, the following athletes are eligible to participate: athletes born between 1 January 2002 and 31 December 2005.

      Learn more:

      Rate this answer :


  • How can a young athlete qualify to take part in the Youth Olympic Games (YOG)?
    • The qualification of youth athletes is prepared in collaboration with the International Federations (IFs).

      For each discipline, world and continental junior championships as well as world junior rankings and qualifying events allow the athletes to qualify for the YOG.

      If a young athlete is interested in taking part in the YOG, he/she must contact his/her National Olympic Committee (NOC), which will inform him/her of the qualification criteria. The NOC is responsible for managing its delegation during the YOG.

      Applicable only to the Summer YOG:

      • At least four athletes per National Olympic Committee (NOC) must be able to take part in the Games – if possible two girls and two boys.  A number of quota places have been reserved in each of the individual sports to allow several athletes per NOC to receive Universality Places in order to take part in the YOG. A delegation may comprise a maximum of 70 athletes.
      • Each NOC can only qualify one boys place and one girls place in team sports (handball, football, hockey and rugby) with the exception of the host country.

      Learn more:

      Rate this answer :


  • How many athletes compete in the Youth Olympic Games (YOG)?
    • There are around 3,800 athletes for the Summer YOG from all of the NOCs, and about 1,100 athletes from 70 NOCs for the Winter YOG.

      Learn more:

      Rate this answer :


  • Who were the “Ambassadors” for the Summer YOG Buenos Aires 2018?
  • Who were the “Young Change-Makers” at the Summer YOG Buenos Aires 2018?
    • The Young-Change Makers are teenagers or young adults (under 30) from all over the world who have been selected by their respective National Olympic Committees (NOCs). Their role is to guide and support the young athletes, and to encourage them to make the most of all the opportunities available to them and take part in the numerous activities and workshops offered at the YOG.

      There were 76 Young-Change Makers in Buenos Aires. 

      Learn more:

      Rate this answer :


  • Who are the “Athlete Role Models” for the Winter YOG Lausanne 2020?
    • Sporting stars of different nationalities were selected by the International Federations of the sports on the programme of the next YOG.

      Their mission is to spend time with the young athletes, answer their questions and share their experiences in the Youth Olympic Village, at competition and training venues and during a series of educational workshops and activities.

      Learn more:

      Rate this answer :


  • Who are the “Young Reporters” at the Winter YOG Lausanne 2020?
    • Sixteen young reporters, eight women and eight men from different countries, have been chosen for the Winter Youth Olympic Games (YOG) Lausanne 2020. They have been selected from among the 35 young reporters who took part in the sports journalism training programme organised during the 2018 YOG in Buenos Aires. The journalists will continue their training under the direction and advice of Olympic media professionals. The Young Reporters will start their mission together at the Main Press Centre in Lausanne, before splitting into three smaller teams of journalists at one of the main competition zones, namely Lausanne/Jura, the Alps and St Moritz.

      Learn more:

      Rate this answer :


  • Which are the new sport on the programme of the Winter YOG Lausanne 2020?
  • What are the Lausanne 2020 Winter YOG competition venues?
    • Lausanne will be the heart of the Youth Olympic Games, with the Olympic Village, the medal ceremonies, ice hockey, short-track speed skating and figure skating. The other ice sport, curling, will be contested in Champéry.

      Alpine skiing, ski mountaineering, freestyle skiing and snowboarding will be in the Vaud Alps, at Les Diablerets, Leysin and Villars-sur-Ollon.

      The Nordic skiing events will be in the Vallée de Joux (cross country skiing) and across the border in France, at Les Tuffes (ski jumping, biathlon and Nordic combined).

      The bobsleigh, skeleton, luge and speed skating events will be in St Moritz.

      Learn more:

      Rate this answer :


  • What is the mascot for the Winter YOG Lausanne 2020?
  • What do the Buenos Aires 2018 Summer YOG medals look like?

Olympic documents

Visit the Olympic.org documents repository to find a list of all documents published on this website. This section contains the major reports, studies, publications and information regarding the Olympic Movement.

View documents

Olympic studies

The IOC Olympic Studies Centre is the world source of reference for Olympic knowledge. As an integral part of the IOC, we are uniquely placed to provide the most accurate, relevant and up-to-date information on Olympism.

Learn more